Diabetic Retinopathy – A Major Cause of Blindness

Diabetic Retinopathy – A Major Cause of Blindness


Diabetic retinopathy – A basic idea
Diabetic retinopathy – A basic idea

Are you looking for a good Diabetic Retinopathy center in Kolkata? Are you someone who is suffering from eye issues due to diabetic problems? They say eyes are the most precious gifts from God. Not only do they bestow us with priceless vision but are also window to our body and soul. But, the eyes are very delicate and need care and monitoring. More if you suffer from diabetes because diabetes is one of the leading causes of blindness caused by a condition called ‘Diabetic retinopathy’. Let’s learn in depth about this disease, its causes, symptoms, and treatment.

Get Treatment From Diabetic Retinopathy Center In Kolkata

You should always opt for the best Diabetic Retinopathy Center Clinic in Kolkata for any types of diabetic problems. However, in its very primary explanation diabetic retinopathy can be termed as an eye complication arising due to the damage of blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue placed at the back portion of the eye which is called retina caused due to prolonged diabetes. The main function of the retina is to detect light and convert it into a neuron signal. Retinal blood vessel and optic nerves are responsible for carrying these signals to the brain. Thus it is directly related to vision. If you are looking for authentic diabetic medicine then click here.

Predominant causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

As per the latest research diabetes remains the single most major cause of retinopathy. Diabetic population from around the world is at risk of blindness caused by retinopathy. This is a very silent disease in which high blood sugar level if left untreated for a prolonged period of time can lead to eye blood vessel damage. This is a serious condition which directly leads to loss of eyesight if proper measures are not taken on time. This is why having a consultation with a reputed Diabetic Retinopathy center in Kolkata would be a good option for you. If you are diabetic and notice small floater like objects in the eye this may be the first symptoms of retinopathy. Actually, the floaters are leaked blood from damaged vessels. Make no delay in consulting an eye specialist at the earliest.

The various stages of diabetic retinopathy

Knowledge is the single most powerful weapon against this deadly disease. Researchers have noted four different parts of retinopathy.

  1. Mild non proliferative retinopathy (NPDR).

It is known to be the earliest clinically visible sign of retinopathy. In this stage blood vessel swelling in the retina can be observed. These are named as microaneurysms. It is also observed that sometimes a very small amount of blood gets leaked from these microaneurysms. This is a stage when the damage has begun but yet not to the extent of producing any symptom. Contrary, it is this lack of symptom that often leads to no detection of the disease. Thus, it is advised that if you have diabetes you must visit your doctor regularly for a complete eye checkup.

  • Moderate non proliferative

Compared to the first stage in this stage one may notice swelling and warping in blood vessels that carry blood to the retina. Due to significant damage, it is also seen that in many occasions the blood may not be able to carry blood. This leads to another disease called Diabetic Macular Edema.

  • Severe non proliferative.

This is a severe stage that is caused by a complete blockage of blood vessels. They are unable to carry blood to the retina and hence retina is nutrition starved. From this stage, one can experience partial loss of vision.

  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR)
Nirmal Bio Herbal's Diabetic Retinopathy
Nirmal Bio Herbal’s Diabetic Retinopathy

This is the last stage. In this stage, abnormal blood vessel growth is observed due to complete blockage of natural blood vessels. The abnormal tissue is found in the inner wall of the retina and vitreous gel. Finally, retina gets detached from the back of the eye. This leads to permanent vision loss.

Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy

The most dangerous aspect of this disease is that no symptoms can be observed unless the disease has progressed to an advanced stage. How do know what the symptoms are? Well, the best option would be to visit Nirmal Bio Herbal which is one of the best Diabetic Retinopathy centers in Kolkata today. But here are some of the tips that you can follow from home.

  1. If you notice dark and colorless spots.
  2. There is alteration of color vision caused due to leaked blood inside eye.
  3. Vision is blocked by spots.
  4. Diminished night vision.
  5. 5. Unsteady vision.


There are a number of methods of detection of diabetic retinopathy.

  1. Dilation

It is the most common method; doctors dilate pupils to examine retina, its blood vessels and optic nerves. 

  • Fluoresce in Dye Angiogram.

It is only done if dilation suggests symptoms of retinopathy. Like other angiograms it also uses a dye is introduced into the bloodstream. The leaking areas can be detected easily.

Treatment by Diabetic Retinopathy Clinic in Kolkata

  1. Early treatment – Treatment in this stage constitutes mainly controlling blood sugar level and stopping the progression of retinopathy through medication. This is primarily done for patients with stage 1 and 2 retinopathy.
  2. Advanced Treatment – There are many different types of advanced treatment for advanced proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Some are mentioned below.

Anti- VEGF Injection Therapy

The main aim of this treatment is to block the protein called vascular endothelial growth factor. (VEGF). This is done by injecting Anti- VEGF drugs.

Vitrectomy By Diabetic Retinopathy centers in Kolkata

Vitreous gel or leaked blood is removed from the eye. This one-day procedure also can be used for removing damaged tissues. In such cases, you can visit a good Diabetic Retinopathy center in Kolkata like us.

Photocoagulation or Focal Laser Surgery

The laser is used to reduce the progression of leakage of fluids from rapture or swelled blood vessels.

Panretinal Laser Surgery or Parential Photocoagulation

In this process, laser beams are used to shrink abnormally swollen blood vessels. This process works best for patients in whom leaking of blood has not started.

Can Diabetic retinopathy be stopped naturally?

Though medical science has shown much advancement in treating the disease there is no permanent cure. But, when you are with Diabetic Retinopathy center in Kolkata then constant care is the only way to ensure good eyesight. As a protective measure one should also ensure a natural diet to control diabetes and its ill effects. Diabalin or herbal Insulin juice is known to be a great natural remedy which can be included in daily diet; it keeps control on diabetes and thus prevents eye problems.

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